The Old Northwest - War of 1812 (U.S. National Park Service)
The Congress of the Confederation enacted the Northwest Ordinance in 1787 to provide for the administration of the territories and set rules for admission of jurisdictions as states. On August 7, 1789, the new U.S. Congress affirmed the Ordinance

The Congress of the Confederation enacted the Northwest Ordinance in 1787 to provide for the administration of the territories and set rules for admission of jurisdictions as states. On August 7, 1789, the new U.S. Congress affirmed the Ordinance with slight modifications under the Constitution . The territory included all the land of the United States west of Pennsylvania and northwest of the Ohio River . It covered all of the modern states of Ohio , Indiana , Illinois , Michigan , and Wisconsin , as well as the northeastern part of Minnesota . The area covered more than 260,000 square miles (670,000 km 2 ).

From the 1750s to the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812, the British had a long-standing goal of creating an Indian barrier state , a large "neutral" Indian state that would cover most of the Old Northwest. It would be independent of the United States and under the tutelage of the British, who would use it to block American expansion and to build up their control of the fur trade headquartered in Montreal. [2]

A new colony, named Charlotina , was proposed for the southern Great Lakes region. However, facing armed opposition by Native Americans , the British issued the Proclamation of 1763 , which prohibited white colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains . This action angered American colonists interested in expansion, as well as those who had already settled in the area. In 1774, by the Quebec Act , Britain annexed the region to the Province of Quebec in order to provide a civil government and to centralize British administration of the Montreal-based fur trade. The prohibition of settlement west of the Appalachians remained, contributing to the American Revolution .

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